An emperor scorpion, the most popular scorpion in the pet trade.
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Emperor Scorpion Care

Emperor scorpions (Pandinus imperator) are fascinating invertebrates that are commonly kept as pets due to their relatively mild temperament and low maintenance requirements. They are the most commonly sold pet scorpions. However, it is important to provide them with the proper care to ensure their health and well-being.


  • Enclosure: A glass or plastic terrarium with a secure lid is ideal. A 20-gallon tank should be sufficient for a single emperor scorpion.
  • Substrate: Use a substrate of a mix of coconut coir, peat moss and sand to create a humid environment that allows for burrowing.
  • Hideouts: Provide hide boxes such as cork bark, half logs, or small caves. Scorpions enjoy a hiding space that touches their bodies and makes them feel more secure. Use very low hides that don’t have a lot of extra space above them. They like to burrow, so ensure that they have enough substrate for digging.
  • Temperature and Humidity: Maintain a temperature between 75-85°F (24-29°C) during the day and slightly cooler at night. Humidity should be around 70-80%. Use a heat pad or black light to maintain the nighttime temperature.


Emperor scorpions are nocturnal, so they don’t require special lighting. Ambient room lighting is usually sufficient. That being said, a light for heat during the day will keep them happy. However, make sure that the temperature doesn’t get above 85° in the warmest spot.


Feed your scorpion 2-3 times a week. Their diet consists of insects like crickets, mealworms, roaches or other insects. Dust the prey insects with a calcium supplement (without D3) once a week and a vitamin supplement every 2-4 weeks.


Provide a shallow water dish with clean, dechlorinated water. Ensure the dish is not too deep as scorpions can drown.


Emperor scorpions are generally docile but should be handled infrequently and with care. Use soft, gentle movements and avoid disturbing them too much.

If you must pick up your scorpion, gently lift it by holding the second segment of their tail. It won’t be able to sting you and you will not injure it.


Remove uneaten prey and clean the water dish regularly. Spot clean the substrate as needed. A full substrate change should be done every 6-12 months.

Health and Monitoring

Regularly observe your scorpion for any signs of illness or stress, such as lethargy, unusual behavior, or changes in color.

If you suspect any health issues, consult with a veterinarian who is experienced with invertebrates.

Legal Considerations

Check local regulations regarding keeping scorpions as pets, as some species may be restricted or require permits.

Safety Precautions

Always exercise caution when handling your scorpion, as their stings can be painful, although not usually dangerous to humans. Wash your hands after handling them.

In Summary

Remember that each scorpion is an individual, and their care may vary slightly based on their specific needs and behavior. Regular observation and research are key to providing the best care for your emperor scorpion.

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